Natural pest management: Pest can be controlled by taking different measures in natural farming such as Crop rotation, variety selection, sanitation, floating row covers, catch crops, flamers, introduction of beneficial insects, bio pesticides, and inorganic pesticides. When considering a new type of production, discuss pest issues with your the specialists and/or other existing organic producers to amplify your chances of success.
Choosing appropriate seeds and planting material: Choose the seeds which are not genetically modified. This may require some information on selection of seeds and planting materials including availability of improved varieties of seeds and seed treatments. Generally, it is preferred to take locally made seeds as they would be much suited for local conditions.
Planting leguminous trees: Leguminous trees provide sufficient nitrogen to the crops as they are nitrogen fixers. They even provide required shade and mulching material. But to adopt this practice one has to have knowledge of planting space which would provide adequate shade.
A thing to keep in mind is that High-value perennial crops such as fruit trees take at least 3 years until the first harvest from the date of planting. This makes them appropriate crops for the conversion period. For new plantations, species and varieties must be carefully selected to suit the organic market and production requirements. For conversion of an existing farm, it might be necessary to replace old existing varieties, if they are very susceptible to diseases and the product quality does not match with the market requirements.
The success of a crop will also depend on provision of positive growing conditions. The better a crop variety matches the local soil and climatic conditions, and is resistant to common pests and diseases, the better it will grow.